Peppermint (Mentha piperita)

Peppermint is a perennial herb. Root system consists of underground rhizome of the nodes, which leave large numbers of fibrous roots. Surface part of the mint is composed of highly branched stems. Besides standing, mint places and creeping stems, which are formed from the top node of the rhizome. The leaves have short stems, elongated ovoid, have many glands. The flowers are small, located in petals, blue to pink and blue colors. Bloom the second half of July to late August. The seeds are very small and low germination. Use the leaves collected during flowering. They contain essential oils, terpenes and terpene derivatives, tannins, bitter substances, nicotine crab, valerenic acid and others.Menthol essential oil excites vascular and respiratory center. Aqueous and alcoholic extracts of peppermint have a soothing, analgesic, anti-inflammatory action, stop the growth of most bacteria. Relieve breathing on airway inflammation, expelled gases from the intestines, acting disinfectant and deodorizing with bad breath. Increased secretion of bile. Soothe itchy skin allergies and act cool. Expand the coronary vessels. Peppermint is used in bronchitis, allergic reactions, cardiac neurosis, spasms in the stomach and intestines, flatulence, gastritis, enteritis, with nausea and vomiting, insomnia, menopause, gingivitis, hemorrhoids, allergies, etc. Preparation: about 1 tablespoon of dry herbs is poured over with 400 ml boiling water. Stand for 1 hour. Filter and drink 1 coffee cup before meals 3 times a day. Peppermint oil is given for pain in the abdomen 2-4 drops on a sugar cube. Spirituous tincture of the oil is applied externally for rubbing headaches, migraines, skin, inhalation, inflammation of the upper respiratory tract in cold. Decoction of leaves is used for baths in a bathtub – 3 tablespoons mint leaves are flooded with 1 liter of boiling water. Boil 5 minutes, strain and add to bathwater.

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